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Requirements for articles

We accept manuscripts that meet the requirements stated in the instructions below:

 

Copyright: Contribution article must be the original work and has not been published before or under consideration for another publication, or a translation version of any papers published in other language.

 

 

Contribution wayYou can submit your manuscript as an attachment by Email to jmsi@nuc.edu.cn If you have any problem about submitting a manuscript please contact jmsi@nuc.edu.cn or 0351-3923306

 

 

 

Article topics:

1. General theory and principles of measurement science and instrumentation, including measurement methods and practical developments (such as precision measurements, new measurement principles, advanced technology of measurementnew generation instruments and systems).

2. New techniques and systems in measurement: nanometer test techniquesremote test and calibration, automated test & diagnostics systemscalibration & self-calibrationvirtual measurement systems non-invasive measurement systems, distributed measurement systems.

3. Measurement science and techniques in biological applications, medical and life sciences, material research.

4. Measurement methods and apparatus for astronomy and astrophysics.

5.    Sensors sensor systems and their applications (such as sensing principles and mechanisms, optoelectronic sensors, mechanical sensors, thermal sensors, magnetic sensors, optical sensors, fibre optic sensors, smart sensorschemical and biological sensorswireless network sensors, sensors for extreme environments).

6. Signal processing techniques (A/D and D/A converters, data acquisition, data output, signal transmission, data preprocessing & post-processing, image processing & pattern recognition, signal detection & classification, inverse problems & signal reconstruction.

7.    Optical and laser based techniques (optical metrology; optical methods for process control, optical micro-electromechanical systems, optical techniques in micro-mechanics; microscopy and adaptive optics; laser material processing, laser beam delivery and diagnostics, laser remote sensing and environmental monitoring, laser safety, laser applications in medicine and biology).

8.    Imaging techniques (such as microscopy, tomography, holography, THz technology).

9.       Spectroscopy (such as optical, acoustic, dielectric principles, mass spectroscopy, fluorescence, x-ray, engineering applications of spectroscopy).

10. Novel instrument systems and technology (virtual instrument system, design and manufacture of instruments, detectors, instruments and methods for non-destructive tests, instruments and techniques for dosimetry, monitoring and radiation damage.

 

Article items:

Manuscript should normally consist of sections that be arranged as follows:  title, author, affiliation, the supporting organization, personal information, abstract, keywords, text body, acknowledgements, a list of references.

 

1. Title, Author, Institution of author(s), Supporting organization(s), Personal information, Abstract, and Keywords

 

Title: The title should be concise, precise but informative, and should not be over 14 words. The use of abbreviations and acronyms should be avoided in the title, for they just make it harder for a reader to know what the paper is about. Avoid the use of surplus words, such as “Study on, Discussion on, Research on, Observation on”.

 

Author and It’s Institution: The names of authors should be list below the tile. The full name of the institution, the city where it is located (written in Chinese phonetic alphabet for the name of Chinese city where the author’s affiliation is located, for Chinese authors), and the postal code, name of country should be provided.

 

Supporting Organization: The supporting organization(s) (with grant number(s)) written as a footnote on the first page marked with a star at the end of the title and at the beginning of the footnote as well.

 

Personal information: including name, date of birth, gender, nationality, professional title, degree and field of interested.

 

Abstract: It should be concise but convey as much information as possible about the content of manuscript. The purpose, method, main results, and conclusion of the research work should be briefly presented in third person. The abstract should not normally exceed 200 words. As the abstract is not part of the text, it should be complete in itself; Table numbers, figure numbers, references or displayed mathematical expressions should not be included.

 

Key words: Keywords should include the measurand under investigation, the equipment and techniques used, as well as possible applications of the work. Between 3 and 6 key words should be provided.

 

The authors from China should also provide Chinese version of title, author, institution, abstract and keywords.

 

2. Abbreviations and Acronyms

Ordinary or standard scientific terms commonly accepted may be used, except those first invented by the author. Abbreviations and symbols used in the manuscripts should comply with the conventions approved by International Standards Organization. When an acronym first appears in the text, it should be enclosed in parentheses and its corresponding original fully-spelled words. Thereafter, this acronym may be directly used as an ordinary word in the text.

 

3. Figures, Tables, and Formulas

Figures: Figures should be arranged sequentially with Arabic numerals, and should be clear, easy to read and of the best possible quality. The tick marks on figure axes should point inward. Figures must be placed in the text and have their captions for each one, such as Fig.1, Fig.2, etc.

 

Tables: Tables, numbered in order of appearance, should be identified with appropriate titles. The table title, which should be brief, goes above the table. A detailed description of its contents or table footnotes should be given directly below the body of the table.

 

Formulas: Formulas are preferred to be arranged into a line (e. g. exp (-1/( x2+y2))), and each should be numbered sequentially by a serial number in parentheses located on the right-hand side of the page. Letters denoting variables in formulas are normally printed in italics, but some function symbols such as sin, log, exp, etc, are printed in ordinary typeface.

4. Text

The text should contain Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion sections.

 

Introduction: It should contain a brief summary of the situation of the current research, and demonstrate to readers what have been done to improve the research or current knowledge. It should normally answer those questions, such as why people should read your paper, what is your initial purpose to start your work, what has been done before, who should be your main readers and so on.

 

Description: This should contain a description of what you have done about your work, what kind of instrumentation and methods that you have used or developed.  You should provide detailed information for other researchers to use or repeat your process. If you are using a procedure or instrumentation which has already been published, please include a reference to that paper.

 

Results: The main purpose of the results is to show that your technique or method is working. Therefore, you only need to provide information that relevant to your technique or method. If there are error bars which happened in your results and also relevant to your technique, give analysis and demonstrate the accuracy of your technique.

 

Discussion: The discussion section normally discusses the results. You can show us what the other researchers got and how your research could be better than others or you did improve something. You can also discuss what you need or what can be done in the future to improve your experiment.

 

Conclusion: Conclusion is a very important part of your paper. It sums up your main ideas and the main results of what you have done in your paper. It also summarizes the significant advances that you have made or the implications for future research. It should be clear and concise.

 

5. Acknowledgements

Individuals or units other than authors who were of direct help in the work should be acknowledged by a brief statement following the text.

 

6. References

Ordinal numbers of references cited in the text should be enclosed in square brackets and located on the upper-right corner of the cited place where available as a superscript. All references cited in the manuscript should be listed at the end of the manuscript under the section title of References, and numbered consecutively with square brackets enclosing the ordinal number, in the sequence occurring in the text. The information about the references cited should be provided in its entirety. References should not contain un-published data. Here are some examples of how to set the most common reference types:

 

Journal Articles: Names of authors (first three are sufficient), Year of publication. Title of Article. Name of the journal (use conventional abbreviations), Volume (Issue): Page.

For example:

[1] H. Q. Zhang, L. F. Mao, M. Z. Xu, et al, 2002. Effect of neutral traps on tunneling current and SILC in ultrathin oxide layer. Chinese Journal of Semiconductors, 23 (4): 367-378.

Books: Names of authors (first three are sufficient), Year of publication. Title of the book. Place of publication: Publisher, Page.

For example:

[2] D. K. Schroder, 1990. Semiconductor Material and Device Characterization. John Wiley and Sons. New York, p 34-43.

Conference proceedings:

[3] R. E. Kalman1976. A New Approach to Linear Filtering and Prediction Problems. M. Z. Nashed. Proceedings of Advanced Seminar on Generalized Inverse and Applications. Academic, San Diego, CA, USA, p.111-120.

Patents:

[4] A. C. Hart, J. C. Huff, K. L. Walker, 1994. Method of Making a Fiber Having Low Polarization Mode Dispersion Due to a Permanent Spin. U.S. patent 5,298,047.

Dissertations:

[5] K. L. Corwin. A Crcularly-polarized Optical Dipole Trap and Other Developments in Laser Trapping of Atoms. University of Colorado. Colorado.

Online references:

H. R. Sheikh, Z. Wang, L. Cormack, et al. Live image quality assessment database release 2. 2006-01-23. http://live.ece.utexas.edu/research/quality.

 

 

 

稿件规范

 

一、题名

1、题名的结构。题名以短语为主要形式,尤以名词短语(noun phrase)最常见,即题名基本上由1个或几个名词加上其前置和()后置定语构成。例如: The Frequent Bryophytes in the Mountain Helanshan(贺兰山习见苔藓植物)Thermodynamic Characteristics of Water Absorption of Heattreated Wood(热处理木材的水分吸着热力学特性)。短语型题名要确定好中心词,再进行前后修饰。各个词的顺序很重要,词序不当,会导致表达不准。题名一般不应是陈述句,因为题名主要起标示作用,而陈述句容易使题名具有判断式的语义;况且陈述句不够精练和醒目,重点也不易突出。少数情况(评述性、综述性和驳斥性)下可以用疑问句做题名,因为疑问句可有探讨性语气,易引起读者兴趣。例如:Can Agricultural Mechanization be Realized Without Petroleum?(农业机械化能离开石油吗?)

  2、题名的字数。题名不应过长,一般不超过14个词。应做到确切、简练、醒目,在能准确反映论文特定内容的前提下,题名词数越少越好。

  3、题名中的大小写。每个词的首字母大写,但3个或4个字母以下的冠词、连词、介词全部小写。例如:The Deformation and Strength of Concrete Dams with Defects

4、题名中的缩略词语。已得到整个科技界或本行业科技人员公认的缩略词语,才可用于题名中,否则不要轻易使用。

5Study on的恰当使用。有些作者喜欢将Study on, Discussion on, Research on, Observation on 等词加在题名的开头,其实,多数情况下是可以省去的,而且会使题名更加简练。

二、作者与作者单位

 

  1、作者。中国作者的姓名按姓在前,名在后的方法,用标准汉语拼音拼写;用英语国家的作者姓名写法与我国相反,名在前,姓在后;其他非英语国家人名按作者自己提供的罗马字母拼法拼写。

  2、单位。单位名称要写全(由小到大),并附地址和邮政编码,确保联系方便。为避免造成混乱,不可使用本单位机构英译的缩写形式。另外,单位英译一定要采用本单位统一的译法(即本单位标准译法),切不可另起炉灶。

 

三、摘要的写作

摘要是以提供文章内容梗概为目的,不加评论和补充解释,简明、确切地记述文献重要内容的短文。其基本要素包括研究目的、方法、结果和结论。具体地讲就是研究工作的主要对象和范围,采用的手段和方法,得出的结果和重要的结论,有时也包括具有情报价值的其它重要的信息。摘要应具有独立性和自明性,并且拥有与文献同等量的主要信息,即不阅读全文,就能获得必要的信息。

1、时态。摘要时态的运用也以简练为佳,常用一般现在时、一般过去时;少用现在完成时、过去完成时;进行时态和其他复合时态基本不用。

  一般现在时。用于说明研究目的、叙述研究内容、描述结果、得出结论、提出建议或讨论等。分别举例如下:This study(investigation) is (conducted, undertaken) to…The anatomy of secondary xylem(次生木质部) in stem of Davidia involucrata (珙桐) and Camptotheca acuminata (喜树) is compared. The result shows(reveals)…It is found that…The conclusions are…The author suggests….涉及到公认事实、自然规律、永恒真理等,当然也要用一般现在时。

  一般过去时。用于叙述过去某一时刻(时段)的发现、某一研究过程(实验、观察、调查、医疗等过程)。例如:The heat pulse technique was applied to study the stemstaflow (树干液流) of two main deciduous broadleaved tree species in July and August,1996.

需要指出的是,用一般过去时描述的发现、现象,往往是尚不能确认为自然规律、永恒真理的,而只是当时如何如何;所描述的研究过程也明显带有过去时间的痕迹。

现在完成时和过去完成时。完成时少用,但不是不用。现在完成时把过去发生的或过去已完成的事情与现在联系起来,而过去完成时可用来表示过去某一时间以前已经完成的事情,或在一个过去事情完成之前就已完成的另一过去行为。例如:Concrete has been studied for many years. Man has not yet learned to store the solar energy.

  2、语态。采用何种语态,既要考虑摘要的特点,又要满足表达的需要。一篇摘要很短,尽量不要随便混用,更不要在一个句子里混用。

  主动语态。现在主张摘要中谓语动词尽量采用主动语态的越来越多,因其有助于文字清晰、简洁及表达有力。The author systematically introduces the history and development of the tissue culture of poplar The history and development of the tissue culture of poplar are introduced systematically语感要强。必要时,The author systematically都可以去掉,而直接以Introduces开头。

被动语态。以前强调多用被动语态,理由是科技论文主要是说明事实经过,至于那件事是谁做的,无须一一证明。事实上,在指示性摘要中,为强调动作承受者,还是采用被动语态为好。即使在报道性摘要中,有些情况下被动者无关紧要,也必须用强调的事物做主语。例如:In this case, a greater accuracy in measuring distance might be obtained. 3) 英文摘要的人称。原来摘要的首句多用第三人称This paper…等开头,现在倾向于采用更简洁的被动语态或原形动词开头。例如:To describe… To study… To investigate… To assess…To determine…The torrent classification model and the hazard zone mapping model are developed based on the geography information system.行文时最好不用第一人称,以方便文摘刊物的编辑刊用。

3、注意事项

  1) 摘要中应排除本学科领域已成为常识的内容;切忌把应在引言中出现的内容写入摘要;一般也不要对论文内容作诠释和评论(尤其是自我评价)

  2) 结构严谨,表达简明,语义确切。摘要先写什么,后写什么,要按逻辑顺序来安排。句子之间要上下连贯,互相呼应。摘要慎用长句,句型应力求简单。每句话要表意明白,无空泛、笼统、含混之词,但摘要毕竟是一篇完整的短文,电报式的写法亦不足取。摘要不分段。

  3) 要使用规范化的名词术语,不用非公知公用的符号和术语。新术语或尚无合适汉文术语的,可用原文或译出后加括号注明原文。

  4) 除了实在无法变通以外,一般不用数学公式和化学结构式,不出现插图、表格。

  5) 不用引文,除非该文献证实或否定了他人已出版的著作。

  6) 缩略语、略称、代号,除了相邻专业的读者也能清楚理解的以外,在首次出现时必须加以说明。科技论文写作时应注意的其他事项,如采用法定计量单位、正确使用语言文字和标点符号等,也同样适用于摘要的编写。目前摘要编写中的主要问题有:要素不全,或缺目的,或缺方法;出现引文,无独立性与自明性;繁简失当。

  7)数词。避免用阿拉伯数字作首词,如:Three hundred Dendrolimus tabulaeformis larvae are collected…中的 Three hundred不要写成300.

  8)尽量使用短句。因为长句容易造成语义不清;但要避免单调和重复。科技期刊涉及专业多,英文更是不易掌握,各行各业甚至表达方式、遣词造句都有区别。如果有机会,要多与英语国家同行接触,多请他们改一些国人所撰写的摘要或论文,积累经验,摸索规律。如果缺少这样的机会,多看英文文献,也会有助于我们英文写作及水平的提高。

 

四、关键词

    关键词是科技论文的文献检索标识,是表达文献主题概念的自然语言词汇。科技论文的关键词是从其题名、层次标题和正文中选出来的,能反映论文主题概念的词或词组。

    关键词是为了适应计算机检索的需要而提出来的,位置在摘要之后。在科学技术信息迅猛发展的今天,全世界每天有几十万篇科技论文发表,学术界早已约定利用主题概念词去检索最新发表的论文。作者发表的论文不标注关键词或叙词,文献数据库就不会收录此类文章,读者就检索不到。关键词选得是否恰当,关系到该文被检索和该成果的利用率。

 

五、层次标题

层次标题应准确得体,能概括每一层次的特定内容,突出中心,一般宜用词组;同时应简短精炼,明确具体。

科技论文的各层次标题一律用阿拉伯数字连续编码,不同层次的2个数字之间用下圆点(.)分隔开,末位数字后面不加点号。如“1”“1.2”“3.5.1”等;各层次的标题序号均左顶格排写,最后一个序号之后空一个字距接排标题。其表达形式如下:

0 Introduction

1 Theoretical analysis

1.1   The establishment of thermochemistry reaction equation

1.1.1 The simplified method for reaction equation

1.1.2 The solution for thermal effect of chemical reaction

1.2   The final state temperature calculation of the chemical reaction

1.3   The calculation of the maximum blast pressure

2 Experiments

2.1 The test system for blast pressure

2.2 The test flare

3 Experiment results and discuss

4 Conclusions

5 Acknowledgements

六、参考文献

我们采取顺序编码制,即作者在论文中所引用的文献按它们在文中出现的先后顺序,用阿拉伯数字加方括号连续编码,视具体情况把序号作为上角或作为语句的组成部分进行标注,并在文后参考文献表中,各条文献按在论文中出现的文献序号顺序依次排列。

1、参考文献在文内的标注格式

1) 在引用参考文献的地方加标记。这个标记是用方括号括起来的阿拉伯数字,其中的阿拉伯数字是文献的顺序号。比如,在引用第25个文献的地方所加的标记为25

2) 给文献编序号要根据以下两点:一是只有文献第一次在文中出现时才编序号,换句话说,一篇文献只有一个序号,即使某文献在文中被多次引用,但在几个引用处都要标注同一个序号。二是以文献第一次出现的前后次序,从1开始连续编序号。例如,第一个第一次出现的文献,序号为1;第二个第一次出现的文献,序号为2……

3) 如果在正文的一处引用了多篇文献,标注时只用一个方括号,括号内列写这几篇文献的序号:若几个序号是连续的,只标注起、止序号,两序号之间加半字线“-”号;若几个序号不连续,各序号之间加逗号。

2、文后参考文献表排写格式

参考文献按在正文中出现的先后次序列表于文后;参考文献的序号左顶格,并用数字加方括号表示,如[1],[2],,以与正文中的指示序号格式一致。每一参考文献条目的最后均以结束。各类参考文献条目的编排格式及示例如下。

1)期刊:

1 作者名,出版年. 文章名. 期刊名称 卷(期):起止页码.

[1] Xue-Li Li, Bo-Ling Xu, 2005. Formant comparison between whispered and voiced vowels in Mandarin. Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 91(6):1079-1085.

2)论文集:

2 作者名,出版年. 文章名. 论文集,p. 起止页码.

[2] S. Yim. D. Sen, W.H.Holmes, 1994. Comparison of ARMA Modelling Methods for Low Bit Rate Speech Coding. Proc. of  ICASSP,  p. 273-276.

3著作:

3 作者名,出版年. 著作名. 出版社,p. 页码.

[3] Kechu Yi, Bin Tian, Qiang Fu, 2000. Speech Signal Processing. National Defence Industry Press, China, p. 48.

4学位论文:

4 作者名, 出版年. 论文名称. 学校名称,p. 页码.

[4] K. L. Corwin, 1999. A Circularly-polarized Optical Dipole Trap and Other Developments in Laser Trapping of Atoms. University of Colorado, Colorado.

  5)专利文献:

5]专利所有者,发布日期.专利题名.专利国别:专利号.

[5] A. C. Hart, J. C. Huff, K. L. Walker, 1994. Method of Making a Fiber Having Low Polarization Mode Dispersion Due to a Permanent Spin. U.S. patent 5,298,047.

6)电子文献:

[6]主要责任者.电子文献题名.电子文献的出版或可获得地址,发表或更新的期/引用日期(任选)

[6] H. R. Sheikh, Z. Wang, L. Cormack, et al, 2006-01-23. Live image quality assessment database release 2. http://live.ece.utexas.edu/research/quality.